Skip to main content

EMERGING WET WEATHER ISSUES FOR MUNICIPAL PERMITS

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Whether intended or not, the Clean Water Act established high public expectations for water quality, namely that all water bodies should be “fishable and swimmable” all of the time. There is a growing recognition, however, that the cost of achieving this goal (everywhere and all of the time) is not feasible. Furthermore, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Congress recently recognized that the gap between available funding and wastewater infrastructure needs for the next 20 years ranges between 1.5 to 13.6 billion per year (EPA, 2002). Capital costs to reduce sewer overflows are likely to exceed 140 billion (EPA, 2003a). Eventually, the public will need to acknowledge that the rising costs of wastewater management require a shift in our expectation that all waters should be swimmable all of the time, and an increased willingness to pay for wastewater improvements.

This paper explores the current state of six areas of wastewater permitting that establish levels of pollutant control for municipal discharges. These are: (1) water quality standards; (2) the Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Policy; (3) a proposed sanitary sewer overflow (SSO) rule; (4) effluent blending; (5) Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs); and (6) watershed-based permitting. The role of water quality standards in setting policies for wet weather discharges is presented first, along with an update on advances being considered in the standards program. For the CSO Policy, information will be presented on how communities, EPA, and state regulatory agencies have struggled to fully implement the policy over the last 10 years. An update is provided on where the proposed SSO Rule stands and the remaining issues associated with its issuance. Because blending can be an integral part of wet weather flow management, a summary of the controversy associated with the proposed national blending policy is presented. For TMDLs, the implications of wet weather TMDLs on NPDES permit conditions is presented. Finally, some proposed approaches for developing watershedbased permits that recognize progress in controlling sewer overflows are identified.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more