Skip to main content

BE WARY OF WEALLY WOUGH WAVES Identifying and Quantifying the Impact of Standing Waves on Flow Measurement

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial


The authors discuss the effect of waves on the accuracy of flow monitoring. Most people are familiar with waves in streams and channels, but likely don't think about waves in “out-of-sight” sewers. Waves and hydraulic jumps are close cousins and can reduce the carrying capacity of sewers and junction structures if they occur in nearly full-pipe conditions. Even when flow monitors are working correctly, localized variation in depth and velocity from standing waves can cause an incorrect calculation of flow rate. Because waves in sewers are out of sight, users of flow monitors may be unaware of the effect on data quality. Deviation can be on the order of ±25% of calculated flow rate.

The authors encountered standing waves during a flow monitor test conducted by EPA's Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) field test. Subsequent research has lead to the classification of three types of hydraulic jump phenomena and a methodology for identifying the presence of waves by reviewing depth and velocity flow monitor data.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more