The Effect of On-Site Generated Ultra Pure Hypochlorite™ on Water and Wastewater Disinfection
Chlorine is the most common disinfectant used in water and wastewater treatment systems in the United States, although the use of ultraviolet light and ozone are becoming more common. Historically, gaseous chlorine was the most prevalent form of chlorination in the United States; however, the use of an aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite is increasing in water and wastewater treatment applications due to safety concerns associated with the use, storage and transportation of chlorine gas. The implementation of the Risk Management Plan (RMP) by the USEPA for the storage of hazardous chemicals (June 1999) and the re-registration of chlorine gas by the USEPA Office of Pesticide Programs as a pesticide (Fall 2001) also has accelerated the use of sodium hypochlorite in the water and wastewater treatment industry. It should be noted that while the disinfection of drinking water using either ultraviolet light or ozone can be viable alternatives to gaseous chlorine, additional disinfection will be required to provide the USEPA mandated disinfectant residual in drinking water distribution systems.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2003-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.
WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites