PUSHING THE LIMITS OF TECHNOLOGY: PERFORMANCE AND OPERATIONS CONSIDERATIONS FOR PLANTS OPERATING HIGH-LEVEL NITROGEN REMOVAL PROCESSES
Abstract:With the development of total maximum daily loads for nutrient discharges to address water quality concerns, many plants are facing increasingly stringent nutrient limits. The commonly accepted “limit of technology” for nitrogen removal has been 3 mg/L total nitrogen (TN). However, with plants that are already achieving low effluent nitrogen now undergoing expansion, there has been an interest in determining the capability to treat to even lower limits. This paper reviews the operation of several WWTPs that use different treatment processes to meet very low TN limits. The plant performance and reliability are evaluated, the effluent nitrogen species examined to identify the predominant nitrogen fraction (organic nitrogen, ammonia, nitrate and nitrite) and opportunities for reducing it. Operational strategies and challenges associated with meeting the current limits, as well as reaching lower effluent TN will be discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2003-01-01
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