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AIR EMISSION AND ODOR CONTROL AT THE CITY OF LAS VEGAS WATER POLLUTION CONTROL FACILITY

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The City of Las Vegas Water Pollution Control Facility (WPCF) is completing an expansion from 66 mgd to 91 mgd. Concurrent with the expansion, there has been an increase in development around the perimeter of the facility. This, coupled with the need to meet air quality requirements, and an increase in solids that will be coming into the WPCF from a new reclamation facility, has prompted the City to embark on an extensive air emissions and odor control program. The elements of this program have included the following:



Air and liquid phase sampling to characterize emissions


Computer modeling to project the future extent of odors with future expansion and controls


Alternative analysis to determine the most appropriate control technology


Obtaining appropriate air permits


Capital improvements for emissions and odor control


Operational adjustments to reduce emissions


As a result of the study phase of work, the following odor control and air emission improvements have been constructed:



Lining six digesters and covering scope boxes to reduce fugitive emissions from the digesters


Enclosing and venting grit bins


Installing a 34,000 cfm soil media biofilter to treat air from an existing screening building and from existing primary sedimentation basins


Covering eight 180-foot diameter trickling filters with low profile aluminum dome covers


Installing seven 24,000 cfm multi-stage packed bed scrubbers


Extending stacks on existing scrubbers


Replacing open flame waste gas flares with two more efficient and higher capacity enclosed waste gas flares


Installing a 34,000 cfm soil media biofilter and extensive ventilation to treat air from an expanded and improved dewatering building


Installing a 30,000 cfm soil media biofilter to treat air from new headworks facility


Installing a 32,000 cfm soil media biofilter to treat air from new facility primary sedimentation basins and gravity thickeners


In addition to the capital improvements listed above, the following operational adjustments have also been made:



Conversion from alum to ferric chloride at the head of the plant to reduce sulfide in the trickling filters and gravity thickeners


Confining biosolids hauling to night time hours to limit off-site odors and the number of times during the day the doors to the dewatering building are open


Changing the operating pressure and control of the digesters to reduce the number of uncontrolled digester gas releases


Controlling the hours per year emission units are allowed to operate and the volume of natural and/or digester gas they are allowed to use to keep within allowable emission limits


As a result of these improvements the City has been able to essentially eliminate off-site odors as evidenced by a dramatic decrease in the number of residential odor complaints and has been able to meet air emission requirements.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2003-01-01

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