Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Wastewater treatment plants in the U.S. and European Union (EU) are facing increasing public opposition to biosolids land application due to concerns about human and animal health and the environment from the presence of pollutants and pathogenic organisms in biosolids. This review discusses how present and proposed legislation on biosolids land application in the U.S. and Europe will affect land application as a management option for biosolids. Understanding the regulations is necessary as they guide the direction of biosolids research at many wastewater treatment plants and institutions. Regulations in the U.S. and EU share the same objective of controlling pathogens and pollutants in biosolids, although differences exist in specific requirements. Future regulations on both continents are likely to become more stringent and more similar to each other. The presence of persistent pollutants in biosolids is of particular concern because: i) concentration limits for pollutants in biosolids are likely to be reduced; ii) newly introduced chemicals may find their way to wastewater treatment plants and accumulate in biosolids; and iii) current metal concentrations in biosolids seem to be the lowest attainable with current pretreatment technologies. Critical studies of the U.S. EPA 40 CFR Part 503 regulations have questioned the scientific basis of this rule and identified odor emissions, emergent pathogens, radionuclides, and certain pharmaceutical products such as antibiotics and endocrine disruptors as the main issues that may eventually revise the Part 503 rule. Despite these concerns, no scientific evidence exists that the current practice of biosolids land application would be harmful either to human health or to the environment.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2003-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more