Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


Emerging environmental contaminants include a wide variety of chemicals that have been largely outside of the scope of environmental regulation. Also referred to as PPCPs (pharmaceuticals and personal care products), these contaminants are derived from any product consumed by humans or animals for health or cosmetic reasons, and thus include prescription and non-prescription human drugs, veterinary medicines, and a wide variety of chemicals found in everyday products such as shampoo, soap and sunscreen. Emerging environmental contaminants (EECs) have stimulated a great deal of interest because their inputs to the environment are continuous and their effects are largely unknown. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the potential impacts of this issue to wastewater providers. The discussion will include the various types and occurrence of EECs and the relationship to endocrine disrupting effects, other possible environmental and human effects, potential treatment technologies and removal success, and current regulation and policy.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2003-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more