The End of Separate Storm and Sewer Systems: Integrated Solutions to Runoff Management in Los Angeles
Los Angeles, like many urban areas in the world, is facing pollution problems in its rivers and oceans due to growth and increased development. The City's storm drain system and wastewater system are separate systems, with the storm drain system discharging untreated runoff to the Pacific Ocean, and the wastewater collection system conveying sewage to wastewater treatment facilities. Faced with addressing new regulatory drivers affecting the runoff program, the City embarked on the development of an Integrated Resources Plan (IRP), which includes facilities and financial planning for the City's water, wastewater and runoff facilities. By considering the inter-connected relationship between these systems, the City could consider a wider range of runoff management options that not only address pollution issues, but also meet the City's water resource demands and challenges.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2003-01-01
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