Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


Contamination from agricultural sources can contribute to exceedances of drinking water standards in our public water supplies. Watershed-based mechanisms, including TMDLs, might offer a way to reduce agricultural nonpoint source impacts, thereby reducing or eliminating the need for or cost of upgrading at water treatment plants. This paper presents background on some practical questions and policy issues that must be addressed in order to realize successful integration of source water protection with TMDLs. These key issues include agency coordination, listing of drinking water contaminants, uncertainty, financing, adaptive implementation, and performance measures. Understanding of these issues will open the way to protection of source waters through voluntary watershed management with accountability.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2003-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more