Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Amines, phenols, and sulfur compounds are process water contaminants present in oil refinery wastewater. There are times when the amount of these contaminants, either due to volume, concentration, or both, causes a substantial increase in the loading to the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). This increased loading carries with it costs for the WWTP (discharge permit violations) and potential consequences for the operation unit(s). Specifically, if this waste is drained to the sewer too quickly, these contaminants will result in an upset to the activated sludge plant resulting in violations to the facility's NPDES water discharge permit. This paper describes a treatment project that was developed to allow an increase in drain rate to the sewer (from caustic storage tanks containing high concentrations of phenol) without adverse affects at the WWTP. Because oxidation is one of the most effective technologies for destruction of phenol, oxidation with permanganate was selected and evaluated.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2003

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more