BIOSOLIDS REGULATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPEAN UNION
Abstract:This review discusses how present and proposed legislation on biosolids land application in the US and Europe will affect land application as a management option for sewage sludge. Although regulations in the US and Europe share many common features, the emphasis in the US has been on control of pathogens, whereas pollutants, both metals and toxic compounds, have been the main focus in the EU. Future regulations on both continents are likely to become more stringent and similar to each other. The presence of persistent pollutants in sewage sludge is of particular concern because: i) ceiling concentrations for pollutants in biosolids are likely to be reduced; ii) newly introduced chemicals may find their way to wastewater treatment plants and accumulate in biosolids; iii) current metal concentrations in biosolids seem to be the lowest attainable with current wastewater treatment technologies. These factors as well as future pathogen reduction requirements will put more pressure on wastewater treatment plants seeking to ensure that biosolids land application will remain a viable option for sewage sludge management.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2003-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.
WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites