Skip to main content

Effect of Water Treatment Residuals on Phosphorus in Soils and Leachate

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


Phosphorus enrichment of lakes, streams and estuaries by surface and subsurface runoff from agricultural land has been implicated as a major cause of the degradation of water quality in the U.S. (Correll, 1998). One possible approach to the problem of reducing P losses from agricultural land is the establishment of vegetative buffer strips between the pollutant source areas and receiving waters. However, the ability of buffer strips to continue to be sinks for pollutants, particularly P, over long periods of time is suspect. For example, Richardson (1985) reported that wetland soils treated with wastewater became saturated with P within a few years and then began to export P. Therefore, increasing the capacity of buffer strips to act as sinks for P, either by removing P from the strip, or by enhancing the strip's ability to adsorb P from runoff water, will greatly affect the ability of these buffer strips to improve water quality in the long run. By using plants that effectively remove P from soil and water, and by amending buffer strips with materials with a high P sorption capacity, the ability of buffer strips to remove P from runoff water over longer periods of time can be increased.

One such method of increasing the ability of buffer strips to act as long-term sinks for P is the addition of materials that have a high P sorption capacity, such as drinking water treatment residuals (WTRs). Water treatment residuals have been shown to be effective at decreasing soluble P in soils and in reducing P concentrations in runoff and leachate (Bugbee and Frink, 1985; Heil and Barbarick, 1989; Peters and Basta, 1996; Cox et al., 1997; Butkus et al., 1998; Eaton and Sims, 1999; Gallimore et al., 1999; Ippolito et al., 1999; Basta et al., 2000; Codling et al., 2000; Haustein et al., 2000; Hyde and Morris, 2000). By amending buffer strips with these materials, the concentrations of soluble P and the P sorption capacity of soils in the buffer is increased. This can increase the capacity of buffers to remove P from runoff and leaching waters and reduce the risk of nonpoint P pollution of surface and shallow ground waters. Our objectives were to determine the effectiveness of two types of WTRs (drinking water and industrial) as soil amendments for buffer strips and, in particular, to assess the effects of WTRs on P leaching. The effects of WTRs on soil P and other soil properties that can impact plant growth and the environment were also evaluated.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2003-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more