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The management of demineralization concentrate from municipal water treatment plants is a growing issue as an increasing number of communities shift to alternative water supplies to meet demands. These alternative water supplies typically include saline or mineralized sources, among others, and require the use of demineralization technologies such as reverse osmosis.

The residual from demineralization processes ('concentrate') requires suitable management practices and can determine the viability of a project. These management practices include surface water discharge, subsurface injection, sanitary sewer discharge, land application and others. Demineralization concentrate management alternatives as well as trends in utilization of management alternatives are presented for the United States and the state of Florida.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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