Skip to main content

Availability and Distribution of Cd, Ni, Cu, and Zn in a Northern Piedmont Biosolids-Amended Soil.

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


The long term availability of trace metals to plants and their possible leaching below the root zone have been cited as potential hazard by critics of EPA 503 rule governing the land application of biosolids. The objectives of this current research are to assess the availability of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn to plants and their distribution within the soil profile 17 years after sludge application. Biosolids were applied to 1.52⋆2.27 m confined plots of a Davidson clay loam (Clayey Kaolinitic, Thermic Rhodic Paleudult ) in 1984 at rates of 0, 42, 84, 126, 168, 210 Mg/ha. The highest biosolids application supplied 4.5, 750, 43, 600 kg/ha of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn respectively. The results revealed no significant effect on the yield of radishes (Raphanus sativus L.). Yield of lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. Longifolia) increased however with biosolids rate. Plant tissue metal concentrations increased with biosolids rate but were within the normal range for these crops. Soils were sampled to a depth of 0.9 m. and sectioned into 5 cm increment. Total and bioavailable metals concentrations were measured using EPA 3050B method and the Mehlich I Method respectively. The results showed no apparent movement below the root zone 17 years after biosolids application. Metals are mostly concentrated in the top 0.2m with slight enrichment down to 0.3 m. Below this depth there was no significant effect on metal concentration.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2003-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more