If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

EGG-SHAPED DIGESTERS – EXPERIENCE OF A PROCESS UPSET

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Egg-shaped digesters have been promoted as free from maintenance expenses that plague conventional digesters. In 2001, however, OSP suffered digestion process upset that was exacerbated by clogging and mixing problems that developed because of deferred maintenance and the accumulation of grit. A Nocardioform bloom in the secondary system was unable to be brought under control because pumping and mixing problems reduced the digester active volume and thus substantially limited the amount of feed that could be introduced. Biological foam from the WAS appeared to correlate with substantial digester foaming problems that led to the uncontrolled transfer of digester contents to the belt press day tank and poor dewaterability. In addition, episodic foaming caused interruption in gas collection and affected the cogeneration process. Only by putting a stand-by digester in service and by clearing the accumulated grit and debris in two of the remaining digesters could the mixing lines be reopened and full-digester volume utilized. The versatility of the egg-shaped digester design allowed the maintenance staff to clear grit through the bottom withdrawal piping and the staff was able to complete the cleaning job in less than three weeks (480 man-hours).

Historically, the digestion system has been under loaded, achieving over 61% volatile solids reduction and averaging 83 mg/L volatile acids and a VA/ALK ratio of 0.02. During the peak of the upset conditions, the volatile acids reached over 1900 mg/l and the VA/ALK ratio increased to 0.28. The volatile solids reduction dropped to around 14%. The sour conditions that developed during the upset period quickly subsided once the pumping and mixing problems were addressed. Because of the reduced wasting during the digester upset, Nocardioform filaments predominated in the mixed liquor and substantial foaming problems persisted in both the secondary system and in the digesters until wasting rates could bring the filament counts to historic levels (≤1.0 × 106 intersections/g VSS).

The paper describes in detail the causes of the OSP digesters upset, the impact to upstream and downstream processes, and the corrective measures taken.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864703784292566

Publication date: January 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more