Alternative Supplemental Carbon Sources for the Step Feed BNR Process
Abstract:Use of methanol, primary sludge fermentate and acetate as supplemental carbon source to enhance denitrification in a high rate step feed BNR process (4.5 hr HRT, 8 day SRT) was evaluated at pilot scale. All three carbon sources increased denitrification performance at the operating conditions tested. Acetate and fermentate exhibited similar denitrification rates (0.15-0.30 mgN/mgVSS-d) whereas methanol rates were in the range of 0.04-0.08 mgN/mgVSS-d. The higher kinetic rates with acetate and fermentate, allowed a 15% reduction in supplemental carbon dose versus methanol. Overall net sludge yields at the operating conditions tested were 0.29, 0.30 and 0.34 mgVSS per mgCOD removed. Operation with acetate or fermentate would confer increased process stability and reliability by reducing anoxic volume requirements.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2002
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites