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Demonstration of Copper and Nickel Removal Technologies to Protect San Francisco Bay

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Abstract:

This paper documents the activities, results, and conclusions from pilot testing of copper and nickel removal technologies for the proposed City of Hayward Advanced Water Treatment Plant (AWTP). The AWTP will include microfiltration (MF) and reverse osmosis (RO) treatment to produce recycled water for use in the planned Russell City Energy Center (RCEC). Due to strict limitations on copper and nickel discharges, the AWTP will also include systems for removing copper and nickel from backwash and concentrate streams produced by the MF and RO systems, respectively.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864702784163001

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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