An Equilibrium Model for Chloride Removal from Recycled Cooling Water Using Ultra-High Lime with Aluminum Process
Removal of chloride from recycled cooling water is needed to reduce corrosion and to prolong equipment life. Laboratory experiments have demonstrated that the ultra-high lime with aluminum process (UHLA) has the ability to achieve high chloride removal efficiency from recycled cooling water. In an effort to further understand the behavior of chloride in the UHLA process, a fundamental model of the chemical processes was developed. The purpose of this paper is to describe this equilibrium model and present values for solubility products of precipitated solids that have not been previously investigated. The model was based on PHREEQC and a new program called INVRS K was integrated with PHREEQC to calculate values of unknown or poorly defined equilibrium or kinetic constants using a Gauss-Newton nonlinear regression routine. Model predictions indicated that the results could be best described by assuming the formation of a solid solution of calcium chloroaluminate (Ca4Al2Cl2OH12), tricalcium hydroxyaluminate (Ca3Al2OH12), and tetracalcium hydroxyaluminate (Ca4Al2OH14).
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-01-01
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