Skip to main content

Thermophilic Aerobic Treatment of Explosives Wastes (Pink Water Sludge): Bench Scale Test Results

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial


Explosives wastes are generated by U.S. Army facilities as a result of explosives manufacturing; munitions load, assemble, and pack (LAP) operations; explosives machining, casting and curing; and laboratory testing of munitions. These nitroaromatic compounds are relatively refractory to biological degradation. Thermophilic aerobic treatment systems offer the potential to degrade these compounds. The AFCSM process is a combination of single-stage thermophilic aerobic biological treatment, side stream chemical treatment step, and efficient solids separation. This paper describes a four-month bench test conducted using explosives wastes from McAlester Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP) in Oklahoma. The bench test covered several different and variable loading conditions. Respirometric test procedures were used to validate whether or not waste destruction had occurred due to biological activities.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more