Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Mining related impairments affect nearly 500 waterbodies in West Virginia. EPA Region 3, with the support of West Virginia Department Environmental Protection (WVDEP) and Tetra Tech, Inc. have developed TMDLs for two thirds of the mining impaired waterbodies in West Virginia to meet the requirements of a 1997 consent decree. TMDL development addressed a variety of case-specific requirements related to water quality criteria, water use designations, source pollution conveyance methods, and permitting in large-scale watersheds (e.g., Tygart, Monongahela, West Fork, and Tug Fork watersheds).

TMDL development for the Tug Fork watershed provided additional and often complex inter-jurisdictional challenges. The Tug Fork watershed is located in southern West Virginia draining portions of West Virginia, Kentucky, and Virginia. Given the watershed location and size, coupled with the need to develop load allocations for over 1,000 mining related NPDES permits, raised a number of inter-jurisdictional issues and required close coordination among federal, state and private entities. The effort required cooperation of many different departments of three state agencies and EPA Regions 3 and 4. Issues related to differing water quality criteria and water use designations as well as listing criteria for each state's 303(d) lists were resolved among WVDEP, Kentucky Department of Environmental Quality (KYDEQ) and Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ). In addition, WVDEP, KYDEQ and VADEQ provided watershed specific physiographic and environmental monitoring data for TMDL development. Kentucky Department for Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (KDSMRE) and WVDEP Division of Mining and Reclamation also provided specific information for over 1,000 mining permits in the Tug Fork watershed. EPA Regions 3 and 4 coordinated efforts regarding TMDL work plan scheduling as well provided technical guidance for TMDL development.

In addition to federal and state agency cooperation, stakeholder involvement also played an important role in the TMDL development for the Tug Fork watershed. Residents of West Virginia and Kentucky participated in a volunteer water quality monitoring program with WVDEP and KYDEP by collecting and transporting samples during watershed-wide monitoring sweeps. In response to a request by WVDEP, 27 individual mining companies provided nearly 100,000 records of monthly in-stream monitoring data in a usable format, which greatly improved the accuracy of loading contributions from active mining facilities.

The development of the Tug Fork TMDLs is an example of an exceptional cooperative effort from federal, state and private entities addressing many different inter-jurisdictional issues that resulted in derivation of over 250 individual TMDLs.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2002-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more