Skip to main content

FORESTRY BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND THEIR EFFECTIVENESS

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Forestry activities, specifically clearcutting, site preparation, burning, fertilizer application, road building and maintenance, and pesticide application, can cause water quality problems at the site scale and possibly at the watershed scale due to cumulative effects of multiple activities. To minimize the nonpoint pollution created by such activities, the forest industry, the USFS, and the states began developing and implementing BMPs over a quarter century ago. Although BMPs vary from state to state, they share the following basic recommendations: 1) minimize bare ground coverage and soil compaction 2) separate bare ground from surface waters, 3) separate fertilizer and pesticide application from surface waters, 4) inhibit hydraulic connections between bare ground and surface waters, 5) provide a forested buffer around streams, 6) engineer stable road surfaces and stream crossings, 7) avoid harvest on steep convergent slopes. Water quality sensitivities vary across the U.S. due to differences in silvicultural techniques, and general physiographic differences between regions. Specific BMP recommendations vary from state to state due to these reasons and due to socio-political differences between states. Forestry BMP effectiveness is an active area of research, and a variety of studies in different locations and using different methods have found BMPs to greatly reduce water quality impacts of forestry activities. The question of whether these BMPs are sufficiently effective, however, requires watershed assessments of pollutant sources, fate, and transport. The ideal TMDL program will provide an appropriate context for evaluating BMP effectiveness.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2002-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more