Skip to main content


The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial


The purpose of this work was to evaluate the technical feasibility of converting chemical scrubbers to biotrickling filters at a publicly owned treatment works (POTWs). A full-scale chemical scrubber (10,000 cfm) at Orange County Sanitation District (OCSD) was converted to a biotrickling filter after some research was previously conducted in a laboratory pilotscale biotrickling filter. The principal odorous compound targeted by OCSD was hydrogen sulfide. Removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was also desired. The conversion only required replacing the packing medium and the recycle pump, and modifying the controls and operation of the bioreactor. The original TriPack packing was replaced with an open pore polyurethane foam and a 0.75 HP centrifugal pump was installed to replace the original 7.5 HP pump. Significant H2S removal was measured 5 days after startup, and in 8 days, a quasi-steady state was achieved with very good removal of H2S. Under the conditions at OCSD, i.e., a gas contact time of about 2 seconds, inlet averaged concentrations of 15 ppm and peaks up to 31 ppm of H2S were degraded to less than 1 ppm, the discharge limit at OCSD according to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SC-AQMD), just after biotrickling filter start-up. Long-term operation of the biotrickling filter also demonstrated its capability to treat higher inlet H2S concentrations while keeping outlet H2S concentrations below 1 ppm proving the ability of the biotrickling filter to handle highly variable loads. Some operational conditions of the biotrickling filter such as the response to a temporary pH increase and the response after a 48 hours starvation period are also discussed in the present paper. Based on the experimental portion of this project, very good removal of H2S can be obtained in biotrickling filters operated at much higher gas velocities than is usually reported in the literature.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more