Odors released during biosolids land application operations can create community relations problems resulting in neighbor complaints and reduced public acceptance that can lead to legal action, local bans, or moves on the part of local and state regulators to impose increased regulatory
controls. While odor is the initial cause of complaints in the majority of situations, concerns of local citizens soon escalate to include other issues relative to human health risks and environmental degradation. This paper provides a review of basic odor mechanics and human responses to
odors. It also describes actions at the local and state level taken in response to odors and potential impacts on biosolids land application programs.
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