Skip to main content

Enhancing a Source Water Assessment Program through Innovation and Regional Cooperation in Hampton Roads, Virginia

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Source Water Assessment Programs (SWAPs) are a requirement of the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1996 (section 1453). The Virginia Department of Health (VDH) issued a guidance document in 1999 that outlined SWAP requirements for the State. In the Hampton Roads area of Virginia, the Hampton Roads Planning District Commission (HRPDC) formed a Source Water Assessment Subcommittee with representatives from the sixteen participating jurisdictions including eight area municipalities with surface water sources and conjunctive use wells. Together with CH2M HILL, the Subcommittee developed a regional SWAP that not only met VDH requirements, but also laid the groundwork for source water protection as a regional team effort.

Innovative efforts based on recent technologies were used to create the SWAP. These efforts enabled accurate mapping of source water assessment areas, thorough database searches for all potential sources of contamination (termed Land Use Activity Sites LUAs) and assignment of a risk rating to each, the development of an LUA data management system that can be updated regularly, an interface between the LUA database and mapping software to map query results, LUA field checks with real-time data entry and built-in quality controls, utilization of local college students to complete field checks in a short period of time, and accurate positioning of LUAs with a global positioning system.

Cooperation among municipalities and Subcommittee members enhanced the program. Based on data obtained from the many municipalities hosting the source water assessment areas, a standardized land use classification system and associated GIS land use coverage were developed for the source water assessment areas of the region. The database of LUAs and associated mapping of database report results will be updated regularly and can be used in future source water protection efforts. This database will be maintained for the entire region by the HRPDC with input from the municipalities.

Through monthly Subcommittee meetings, the Source Water Assessment Program evolved to meet not only the requirements of VDH, but also the needs of the municipalities. The end result was a SWAP that can remain current and useful to the Hampton Roads Region.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2002-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more