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A national Clean Water Initiative was announced in 1998 as part of the reauthorization of the Clean Water Act. Although the Clean Water Act was passed in the 1970s, 20,000 rivers, lakes, and estuarine segments still did not meet water quality standards and a new approach needed to be developed. The new approach was addressing water resources on a watershed basis and addressing watershed concerns at the local level through the development of grassroots efforts.

In response to the Initiative, the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) divided the state into river basins, 10 in all. ADEM offered seed funding for providing facilitators in each river basin to identify and assemble local stakeholders to develop a management plan for the river basin. Although most river basins have taken advantage of the ADEM funds, others have sponsoring stakeholders who are providing other public and private funding for Partnership activities.

The Partnerships were created to develop inclusive public/private stakeholder committees to support community-based river basin protection and management efforts in accordance with the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act. Stakeholders from multiple interests participate.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2002-01-01

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