ENGINEERING BIORETENTION FOR TREATMENT OF URBAN STORM WATER RUNOFF

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Bioretention is an urban storm water best management practice developed in the early 1990's. Bioretention media can remove pollutants through several mechanisms, including sedimentation, filtration, sorption, and precipitation. However, the optimal design of bioretention media for pollutant removal, while maximizing infiltration characteristics has not been systematically investigated. In this study, pollutant removals using bioretention media columns have been determined, along with corresponding infiltration rates, for a variety of bioretention media mixes.

The water infiltration rate ranged from 0.28 to 0.84 cm/min in these 6-hr experiments. It was the highest with sand as the only medium and the lowest when soil was the dominant medium. For conditions where the media was composed of several layers, as the soil layer thickness increased, the infiltration rate decreased. For pollutant removal, the results show that every media mixture used in this series of experiments produced excellent removal efficiency (>98%) for suspended solids, oil/grease, and lead. For total P, the removal efficiency ranges from 47% to 85%, increasing as the sand ratio in the medium increased. For nitrate-N and ammonium-N, the removal efficiency ranges from 1% to 27% and from 2% to 26%, respectively.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864702785665274

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more