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Both natural and anthropogenic disasters usually necessitate emergency measures to disinfect water supplies. Strategies for emergency disinfection in disasters can vary significantly from those set in place for normal conditions because many of the concerns that exist for normal conditions do not apply to disasters. Attempts to address such irrelevant concerns not only are wasteful of scarce resources but also may prove deleterious to the health and well being of the disaster's victims. Various disinfection technologies are reviewed and the advantages and disadvantages of each are evaluated from a standpoint of applicability for disasters. Chlorination remains the most practical and cost effective method of water supply disinfection during disasters.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2002-01-01

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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