Abstract:Information is presented on parasites found in animal manure that are considered to be major potential threats to human health. Included is one pathogen, Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite of cats that has recently become worrisome because of a waterborne outbreak in Canada. Ignored are many pathogens that are unlikely to survive in wastewater treatment system even if they were present, thus, no information is presented on parasites such as the fairly easily destroyed hookworms and schistosomes or other flukes that require snail intermediate hosts. Pathogens in animal manure that are infectious to other animals, e.g., the coccidia of cattle and pigs, have been ignored because they do not pose threats to human health. The present material includes information on important for an understanding of how these organisms behave in wastewater treatment systems and how they protect themselves from various inactivation processes. Also knowledge about the effects of existing treatment modalities on the viability of these organisms is included.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.
WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites