$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Information is presented on parasites found in animal manure that are considered to be major potential threats to human health. Included is one pathogen, Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite of cats that has recently become worrisome because of a waterborne outbreak in Canada. Ignored are many pathogens that are unlikely to survive in wastewater treatment system even if they were present, thus, no information is presented on parasites such as the fairly easily destroyed hookworms and schistosomes or other flukes that require snail intermediate hosts. Pathogens in animal manure that are infectious to other animals, e.g., the coccidia of cattle and pigs, have been ignored because they do not pose threats to human health. The present material includes information on important for an understanding of how these organisms behave in wastewater treatment systems and how they protect themselves from various inactivation processes. Also knowledge about the effects of existing treatment modalities on the viability of these organisms is included.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more