MEMBRANES FOR WATER RECLAMATION – THE PRESENT AND FUTURE TRENDS

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

This paper presents a historical summary of the experience with microfiltration (MF) and reverse osmosis (RO)membranes when applied to water reclamation. This is a rapidly growing field with more than 20 membrane-based water reclamation facilities in the United States having a combined capacity greater than 70 mgd (265,000 m3/d). Data on all of these facilities are presented including location, capacity, start date, membrane type,use of reclaimed water, and, for some cases, the finished water quality. Topics discussed include history, levelof treatment, pretreatment requirements, public acceptance and perceived safety, municipal-industrial cooperation, residuals disposal, cleaning and longterm maintenance, and costs. This paper would be of particular interest to utilities, regulatory agencies, and interested citizens considering the implementation of membrane technologyfor water reclamation.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864701790902590

Publication date: January 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more