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The Texas Clean Air Act exempts manufacturing facilities from state air permitting requirements that were in existence or under construction when the Act was first passed in 1971. At that time, it was anticipated that these grandfathered facilities would eventually need operational changes that would require obtaining air permits, or be shut down when their useful life ended. Many facilities, however, remained grandfathered at the end of 2000. According to a 1997 survey by the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC), the most significant of these emit 898,075 tons of emissions per year and represent approximately 35 percent of the total air emissions in Texas (TNRCC, 2001). The Texas Legislature created the Voluntary Emissions Reduction Permit (VERP) program to encourage grandfathered sources to obtain a permit and reduce air emissions. The VERP program allows companies to defer reductions in emissions of certain air contaminants if the applicant will make substantial reductions in other specific air contaminants.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2001-01-01

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