Modified Kraus Process Increases Capacity and Performance at the Sanitary District of Hammond

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This paper discusses how the Sanitary District of Hammond has increased its hydraulic and loading capacities by operating its activated sludge facility using a modification of the Kraus process (patent pending). The added benefit of improved nutrient removal from this unique approach, the costs in implementing this process, and the role of process automation are also discussed.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2001

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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