ReCip Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Treatability Study I.
Authors: Behrends, L.L.; Houke, L.; Bailey, E.; Jansen, P.; Brown, D.
Source: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, WEFTEC 2001: Session 71 through Session 80 , pp. 73-73(1)
Publisher: Water Environment Federation
Abstract:Scientists at the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), in collaboration with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), have developed an innovative wastewater treatment system based on reciprocating subsurface-flow constructed wetlands. Reciprocation relates to patented improvements in the design and operation of paired subsurface-flow constructed wetlands in which contiguous wetland cells are filled and drained on a recurrent basis. This operating technique turns the entire wetland system into a fixed-film biological reactor, in which it is possible to have alternating aerobic and anaerobic zones. The treatment systems biological structure and function are controlled by such parameters as hydraulic retention time, frequency of reciprocation, reciprocation cycle time, depth of reciprocation, and size and composition of substrate. Reciprocation facilitates enhanced removal of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), metals, and nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2001
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites