MANAGEMENT OF WATER IN MANUFACTURING PLANTS
Abstract:Given today's economic climate, cost of effluent discharge violations, treatment surcharges by POTW's and the need to be environmentally conscious, manufacturing plant management has to consider water/waste management as an integral part of their operation. As such these water related operations must function to produce high quality product, consistently and reliably, and in a cost-effective manner. Wastewater discharges from manufacturing plants in the United States of America are regulated by federal, state and local ordinances. Complying with these regulations in a cost-effective manner requires a total, plant wide examination of the water and wastewater related systems in the context of a total operation viewpoint. No longer can wastewater treatment be an “isolated derrier operation”.
A strategy for plant wide water management is presented. Key elements of this strategy are: 1) Commitment from management and all plant personnel; 2) understanding of the plants wastewater characteristics; 3) evaluation and execution of in-plant controls to minimize waste production; recycle/reuse and recover water and materials; 4) cost evaluation of options to include capital, operating and life-cycle costs; and 5) selection of appropriate treatment technology to meet effluent discharge requirements.
A listing of treatment technologies is presented with a guide to selection based on constituents to be controlled. The presentation discusses elements of management strategy and three case studies - - 1) A wastewater treatment/recovery system at a Chrysler engine plant in Mexico; 2) a water conservation/treatment system for IBM and 3) pharmaceutical wastewater treatment system in Puerto Rico.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-01-01
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