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In the past, EPA's enforcement has focused mainly on municipal wastewater treatment plants and industrial facilities discharging process wastewater. These were major facilities which have discharges of over one million gallons per day. The compliance status of these major facilities can be easily determined by the facility's self-monitoring report, noncompliance notification, and on site inspection. Enforcement efforts by the states and EPA have brought most of these noncompliance facilities back into compliance status. Many of these major facilities were required to upgrade their treatment processes to meet effluent limitations and water quality standards. After over 20 years of progress, many of our rivers, lakes and stream still failed to meet water quality standards. It became more evident from studies and monitoring data that storm water runoff was found to be a major source of water quality impairment. Currently, five regional states have reported storm water runoff as a major cause of water quality impairment on their biannual report to EPA. In addition, Region 4 has five Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) lawsuits that required EPA to evaluate and address various aspects of storm water runoff and sediment loading from construction activities. Mid-year assessment of the states by EPA revealed considerable variability in the implementation of the storm water program. It is important that an effective, integrated and coordinated storm water enforcement strategy be established in full partnership with the eight Region 4 states.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2001

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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