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Beneficial use of biosolids and organic residuals on land is agreed in both the EU and USA to be generally the Best Practicable Environmental Option. But the watchword is Sustainability – however that might be defined. Morally there can be no question that operators should be responsible for the effects of using or disposing of these materials and should exercise due diligence regarding possible negative effects. The regulatory field with respect to environmental and health protection is changing fast. This will probably have implications for capital investment and/or methods of working. However the generators of biosolids and organic residuals cannot suspend production and they cannot afford to be paralyzed into inactivity by uncertainty. Changes in legislation in the EU may be important in the USA, and vice versa, because they may influence perception – ‘if they are doing that in Europe, why aren't we doing it here?’ This paper will seek to anticipate the changes and chart a course to a better and more secure future, it will also explore the reasons for some of the changes.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2001

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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