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The management of biosolids often presents itself as one of the most significant challenges facing the City of Lenoir, NC. The inability to manage biosolids often leads to violations of stream discharge standards because of in-plant imbalances or violations in the actual biosolids management effort. Regulatory agency personnel, responsible wastewater management professionals and the general public deem these violations intolerable. In 1979, the US Congress mandated that the USEPA establish criteria for the management of municipal sludge, which is what biosolids were called in 1979. The February 19, 1993 issue of the Federal Register contained those management practices as 40 CFR Pt. 503. The rule was based on the best science available to regulatory agency personnel at that time and the primary issues addressed through the rule included:

Pathogen and vector attraction reduction

Nutrient management

Regulated metal content

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2001-01-01

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