ATAD – Found, Developed, Forgotten? A historical and practical assessment of a technology for stabilization and disinfection of animal manure
Autoheated thermophilic aerobic digestion (ATAD) has been operating at full scale Germany for nearly three decades. The process typically operates at 6–8 hydraulic retention time and is capable of achieving a high degree of stabilization pathogen reduction to meet international requirements (e.g. US EPA 503 class The process is characterized by high reaction rates which are achieved thermophilic temperatures ranging from 50–60°C. In the completely mixed aerated environment thermophilic temperatures are attained and sustained without the addition of sublemental heat by conserving the heat released during biological degradation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2000-01-01
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