Skip to main content

Geosynthetic Clay Liners for Animal Residuals Containment

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that as of 1992 there were 450,000 animal feeding operations (AFOs) in the United States. They also estimate that, due to industry consolidation, 70% of the animal residuals comes from 5% of the operations. NPDES regulatory effluent guidelines call for no discharge from AFOs, except during a 25-year storm event. Standard practice is to store animal residuals until it can be land applied, which typically is restricted to before or after the growing season. Thus, sufficient storage capacity is required to handle the animal residuals generated during this period.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more