Middle Egypt Strategic Master Plan-Dealing With Urban to Rural Conditions
Abstract:In support of its ongoing program in Egypt, USAID initiated a long-term strategic water and wastewater master planning activity covering the three Middle Egypt Governorates of Fayoum, Beni Suef and Minia. While prior projects had focused mainly on the governorate's three capital cities, the objective of this study was to extend planning for these vital services over the next 20 years throughout the governorates and specifically into the extensive rural population centers. The project's 6,020 square kilometer service area, extending south of Cairo along the River Nile, covers 21 cities and over 570 villages with a combined population of over 7.6 million people. Project activities included data collection, existing system assessment, water and wastewater master plan preparation for each of the three governorates and conceptual design of the first stage investment program, all in a condensed time frame mandated by funding considerations.
Given the geographic extent of the planning area and the limited time for completion of the project, master plan preparation was aided through a novel application of a basic geographic information system (GIS) as one of the primary planning tools. This system enabled project team members to visually identify trends such as population and growth and query the available information. By using this innovative GIS application during the master planning process, the consultant team was able to pull together many different types of information such as maps, GPS (Global Positioning Satellite) data, digital photographs, and environmental, archeological and physical facility data and view them together in the same coordinate space. It also readily facilitated analyzing regional or clustered solutions by allowing the engineers to quickly find the most practical and least cost pipeline routes once acceptable parameters were entered into the query. In addition, GIS was used to interface with the various hydraulic computer models developed to analyze existing and proposed water distribution and wastewater collection systems. Finally, GIS was used to support development of a “virtual report”. This electronic version of the master plan report utilized static maps to lend geographic elements to the plan.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2000-01-01
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