Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetlands Performance Evaluation Using Area-Based First-Order Kinetics

Authors: Liu, Wenxin; Dahab, M.F.; Surampalli, R.Y.

Source: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, WEFTEC 2000: Session 11 through Session 20 , pp. 272-282(11)

Publisher: Water Environment Federation

Buy & download fulltext article:


Price: $17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


This paper discusses the effectiveness of commonly used area-based first-order reduction models in predicting the performance of constructed wetland (CW) system. A subsurface flow CW systems in a small community near Lincoln, Nebraska, has been studied as a natural treatment system to evaluate several design approaches used in sizing and predicting the performance of CW systems. Extensive monitoring has been conducted biweekly since June 1996. The water quality parameters included in this evaluation are soluble CBOD5, NH3-N and total P. Generally, the first-order kinetics can be used to predict the level of CW treatment with respect to carbonaceous and nitrogenous materials in wastewater. But, there is a lack of a good agreement between the removal of phosphorous in CW with the predictions of the first-order kinetics. The comparison of the effluent concentrations with the performance predictions from the models revealed that the equations tended to overestimate the performance of CW systems. Thus, the reduction rates derived from the wetlands are generally lower than the reduction rates recommended by the prediction models.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites



Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content

Text size:

A | A | A | A
Share this item with others: These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages. print icon Print this page