CONTROL OF NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION AND EROSION USING STREAM BUFFERS (GREENWAYS)
Abstract:As we approach the 21st Century, communities across the United States have realized that prevention of further degradation of water quality at the source is the best safeguard against human exposure to water borne pollutants. The protection of surface water systems has traditionally been achieved through the adoption of laws and regulations governing the management of stormwater and collection and treatment of surface runoff prior to discharge into natural water systems. In an effort to protect water quality at the source, some communities in the United States are currently developing and implementing plans to manage activities within their watersheds in a manner that protects their water systems from non-point source pollution. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is allowing local governments to establish natural vegetative buffers (greenways) along stream corridors in lieu of incurring other EPA enforcement actions associated with violations of the Clean Water Act (CWA). This paper attempts to identify the role of greenways in protecting water quality and aquatic and stream corridor habitats. This paper also describes an on-going greenways project in Jefferson County, Alabama.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2000-01-01
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