If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com


$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


A key principle of implementing the water quality provisions of EPA's 1994 Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Policy is the review and revision, as appropriate, of water quality standards of receiving waters that are impacted by CSOs. Six years after the CSO policy was issued, only two of the 30 States with CSO municipalities have taken actions to facilitate the implementation of water quality provision of CSO policy.

Many CSO communities have not yet completed the long term CSO control plans, in part because States are either reluctant or unable to review and revise, as necessary, the water quality standards as envisioned by the CSO policy. Without States' review and revision of the current water quality standards, CSO communities are reluctant to commit their limited resources to CSO controls that may have very limited water quality benefits. The estimated national CSO control costs for meeting current water quality standards exceed 200 billion.

Human-induced conditions in urban areas and other point and non-point sources of pollution may make current water quality standards in some urban waters no longer appropriate or unable to be met, regardless of CSO controls that are implemented. A proper review and revision of existing water quality standards can save unnecessary expenditures, ensure that proper water uses are maintained, and significantly facilitate the implementation of water quality-based provision of the CSO policy.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864700784544271

Publication date: January 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more