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In the coming years, the application of bio-controllers and expert systems shall play a key role in the optimisation of the increasing investment, operation and management costs of wastewater treatment. In this context, biosensors based on respirometry can play a significant role.

In Flanders (Belgium), respirometers have been used for domestic wastewater treatment purposes since 1993 and have gradually entered in the day-to-day practice in different problem-solving domains. Extensive applications comprise (i) intelligent sampling selection, (ii) influent characterisation, (iii) toxicity screening and (iv) monitoring of the load. Additionally, (v) sludge characterisation is mainly carried out for research purposes.

Typical applications are illustrated by different full-scale case studies. The results are contrasted with conventional approaches.

The intuitive conceptual simplicity of the respirometric measurement and the significance of its information content make it a stethoscope of the wastewater treatment plant.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2000-01-01

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