Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Not all the area in the country is served by centralized wastewater collection and treatment system, sewer systems. Cost of extending an existing collection system to or installing a new collection system for such area typically is quite high. An onsite system can be used for treatment and disposal of wastewater in areas where centralized system is not available or is not a cost-effective option. Total cost for managing wastewater can be reduced significantly by using an individual or clustered onsite systems that requires least amount of collection system. There are approximately 25 millions homes and nonresidential structures in the country use onsite systems. Septic tank drainfields have been a first choice of onsite system through out the 20th century and have been viewed as the only choice for areas that are not served by a centralized system. Soil and site conditions necessary for use of septic systems are prescribed in state or local health department. A proposed site is either accepted or rejected for a septic system based on soil evaluation. Rejection of a site usually means condemning the lot for any habitable building purposes, even when the site is good for all other requirements for development. With technical advances in small-scale wastewater treatment and effluent dispersal systems, it is now possible to engineer a wastewater system in a cost-effective and environmentally sound manner for any sites that are suitable for development. Use of non-septic onsite systems can eliminate the dependence on soil for treatment of primary effluent and can ensure long term environmental protection from onsite systems. Such systems require maintenance and over-site by trained operators and should be routinely inspected by regulators. A uniform performance based regulatory framework is needed to allow wide spread use of non-septic onsite treatment and subsurface effluent dispersal systems and to phase out the use of conventional septic systems.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2000-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more