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To more adequately address pollution control objectives, legislation in British Columbia, Canada allows local governments to develop Liquid Waste Management Plans (LWMPs). Unfortunately, a local referendum defeat prevented the development of such a Plan for a rural area in the Comox Valley on Vancouver Island. Unable to fund a traditional planning process, direct solutions could not be found for the larger region. Within that region the unincorporated community of Union Bay developed a community-driven, “hands-on” public process. This article describes the molding of the “Made in Union Bay” planning process. We explore the work of a multifaceted community committee, where citizens and staff from local, provincial, and federal levels of government sit together at the table. We also describe building successful partnerships, using bureaucracies and consultants as resources (“on tap”, not “on top”); garnering innovative funding sources; and accessing creative talents within the community. The “Made in Union Bay” LWM Plan is charting a course to use waste as a resource to create economic wealth and social capital by using “living machines” such as constructed wetlands and/or solar greenhouses to treat wastewater. The committee is convinced that enhancing the environment and treating sewage as an asset, not a liability, will be their legacy. This case study contributes to our understanding of the potential benefits and limitations of community-driven approaches to environmental issues.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2000

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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