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Development of Effectiveness Indicators for Stormwater and Watershed Management Programs

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State and local governments are looking for ways to document the effectiveness of stormwater and watershed management programs to assess water quality conditions and to facilitate communications of the programs' benefits to the public and other audiences. This paper presents the development of effectiveness indicators for stormwater and watershed management programs and the development of a regional monitoring program.

The study was conducted for the jurisdictions encompassed by the Hampton Roads Planning District Commission (HRPDC) through HRPDC's Regional Stormwater Management Committee (RSMC), with specific focus on the six cities that currently have Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) stormwater permits: Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Virginia Beach (permittees).

An indicator is defined as a measurable feature that provides managerially and scientifically useful evidence of stormwater and ecosystem quality or reliable evidence of trends in stormwater quality and program effectiveness. Nine indicators of program effectiveness were selected that encompass all aspects of the stormwater programs. A selection criteria that addressed technical, practical, and programmatic considerations was used to facilitate the selection of indicators.

To capture data representative of the activities of the stormwater programs, the indicators were grouped into four indicator groups that represent traditional monitoring practices and other less frequently used methods. To provide a measure of each indicator, 14 indicator tools were selected.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2000-01-01

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