Conceptual Model of Copper in Lower South San Francisco Bay, CA
Authors: Mills, Bill; Cliffen, Stephen; Loh, John; Grieb, Tom; Bowie, George; Tucker, Dave
Source: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, Watershed 2000 , pp. 244-277(34)
Publisher: Water Environment Federation
Abstract:This paper presents the conceptual model for copper that has been developed as part of the Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDL) project for Lower South San Francisco Bay. First, existing data are discussed in order to understand copper cycling in Lower South San Francisco Bay. Then, the loadings, mass balances, and inventories of copper are described. Next, the processes most important in controlling copper cycling are presented. Finally, the effects of copper cycling on the uptake and toxicity to aquatic organisms are discussed. By explicitly identifying the important processes that control copper cycling and summarizing the present understanding of these processes, the conceptual model provides an effective technical basis for TMDL project planning.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2000
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