Skip to main content

“Applications of Applied-Field in the Disinfection of Water and Waste”

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial


On the last decade, the usage of applied-fields was noted the ability to enhance or assist disinfection processes by either cavitation, catalyzing reactions, producing disinfection agents, altering hydrogen bonding, and/or reducing fouling of UV irradiation tubes. From the literature, the disinfection processes are enhanced by multiple stresses on microorganisms/pathogens in waters, waste, and residuals. The general public and industry has become concerned with infections and disease as a result of ineffective spore, oocyst, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and helminth inactivation. The usage of microwaves and ultrasound is slowly evolving into feasible approaches for disinfecting residuals and waters. In the late 1980s, microwaves had been demonstrated to be effective in disinfecting bacteria, fungi, and spores of bacteria, protozoa, oocysts and helminth eggs. In addition, new approaches on microbial inactivation of different organisms by combined electromagnetic fields have indicated promise.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more