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The United States Pulp & Paper industry (P&P) generates over 30 million tons of residuals annually. Historically, these residuals have been disposed of through landfilling up until the late 80's. Being that the majority of these residuals are organic materials, beneficial use programs have become the preferred method for handling them.

Browning-Ferris Industries, Inc. (BFI) recognized the opportunity for handling these residuals in a different manner than just by landfilling and organized a Pulp & Paper group in 1992. Realizing over 75% of the P&P residuals are generated from wastewater treatment plants, BFI focused in this area. BFI developed a program called “BioMix® Technology” which manufactures value-added products using the Short Paper Fiber® (SPF®) from the milling process. Today BFI services over 150 mills with many of them utilizing the BioMix® program and other beneficial use methods.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864700785378121

Publication date: January 1, 2000

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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