BIOSOLIDS TREATMENT AND RECYCLING – THE OPTIONS FOR SCOTLAND

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

In Scotland water and waste water services are provided by 3 public Water Authorities. The majority of the population are located near the coast or estuaries and because the coastal waters have high dispersive characteristics until recently over half of Scotland's biosolids (sludge) was dumped at sea. The remainder has been recycled to agricultural land or disposed of to landfill. The Scottish Authorities have had to rise to the challenge of the European Union Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive 91/271/EEC (CEC1991) which required, to a tight timescale, the cessation of sludge dumping at sea as well as the construction of new large treatment plants which will create more biosolids.

At the same time the agricultural route which was generally considered to be the best option was coming under pressure as a result of: public perception, health scares with perceived links to biosolids, concerns of politicians including a Parliamentary Select Committee (1998) and nervousness amongst retailers, particularly supermarkets.

This paper describes the strategies which were developed by the Authorities after their formation in 1996, new ways of funding the necessary capital expenditure in a period of pressure on public expenditure and the progress of implementation of these strategies.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864700785377807

Publication date: January 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more